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sphinx

Carbon dating of the ancient temple site at Gobekli Tepe has reignited the debate on the true age of the Sphinx, which new evidence suggests could be 8,000 years older than previously thought.

Is Sphinx Same Age as Gobekli Tepe?

By Jon King

Heresy: Gobekli Tepe Could be Older Than First Thought

When Robert Bauval, Graham Hancock, John Anthony West et al dared challenge the accepted age of the “Sphinx”:/discussion-topics/ancient-civilizations/ some years back, academia responded by shouting down the claims as ‘heresy!’

Boston University Professor of Geology Robert Schoch’s subsequent dating of the Giza monument to around 7,000 BCE – twice the accepted age – invoked a similar backlash.

“There’s just no way that could be true,” Egyptologist Carol Redmount of the University of California, Berkeley, said in the Los Angeles Times (23 October, 1991).

“The people of that region would not have had the technology, the governing institutions or even the will to build such a structure thousands of years before Khafre’s reign.”

And that, in a nutshell, was the shared view of scientists and Egyptologists alike.

Is Sphinx Same Age as Gobekli Tepe?

Could Cavemen Have Built The Sphinx?

The problem facing academia was one of feasibility.

How could Neolithic cavemen have constructed such an impressive specimen as the Sphinx thousands of years before the accepted construction date for, say, Stonehenge and the Pyramids?

Prior to 3,000 BCE, the academics were quick to point out, the only known human-made constructions were flint arrowheads and animal-hide tents.

No way could early Neolithic people have constructed something as elaborate as a giant pyramid or a sphinx—a statement, ironically, with which the heretics heartily agreed.

Indeed, the ‘heretics’ believed that the Sphinx and other ancient monuments had been built by a ‘lost civilization’ which had been wiped out at the end of the last Ice Age, and put forth convincing evidence to this end.

But this idea was also shunned by the academics, who remained resolute in their dogmatic assertion that the dates must be wrong.

Then came the discovery of “Gobekli Tepe”:/news/gobekli-tepe-paradise-lost-or-genesis-discovered/.

Is Sphinx Same Age as Gobekli Tepe?

The Discovery Of Gobekli Tepe

What academia hadn’t bargained for was the discovery in 1994 of the massively complex and elaborate megalithic temple site buried beneath the Anatolian plains of south-eastern Turkey, known as Gobekli Tepe, meaning ‘Hill with a Navel’.

Initially thought to be similar in age to other megalithic monuments, Gobekli Tepe was from the first excavation to throw up many surprises. But none so time-stopping as the results of tests carried out to determine its precise age.

To the dismay of academia, Gobekli Tepe was carbon-dated to a staggering 11,000 BCE, a date way too early to fit the accepted model for human evolution.

But unlike the dates put forward by Schoch and the other heretics, the ‘Carbon 14’ date could not be disputed.

Today Gobekli Tepe is considered the most important archaeological site in the world, and situated as it is between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, is considered by some leading archaeologists to be the site of the fabled Garden of Eden, if only in an allegorical context.

But Biblical associations aside, the question still remains: who built this impressive anachronism? Cavemen? Aliens…?

…Or a civilization lost to antiquity?

For the moment, at least, academia was on the run.

Is Sphinx Same Age as Gobekli Tepe?

Evidence Of A Lost Civilization

13,000-year-old constructions as complex and elaborate as Gobekli Tepe simply should not exist. The fact that it does exist has forced academia to rethink its views of the ancient world and, more importantly, the people who populated that world.

No one in mainstream science, of course, is yet prepared to seriously consider the possibility that Gobekli Tepe might have been built by a lost civilization—that perhaps a more technologically enlightened civilization once populated the earth and was wiped out by the melting ice flows at the end of the last Ice Age.

Though this scenario would certainly fit with the ‘Noah myth’ – the extinction of an entire people in some or other global catastrophe or ‘great flood’ around 12,000 years ago – academia remains adamant that no such civilization existed.

So who did build Gobekli Tepe?

Incredibly, the accepted view from academia today is that our hunter-gatherer forbears could draw straight lines after all.

Where just a few short years previously, academia was adamant that the ‘cavemen’ who populated the region could not possibly have built anything as sophisticated as the Sphinx, much less the highly complex temple site at Gobekli Tepe, now the great and the good were forced to reshuffle their hand and admit they were wrong:

They now claim Neolithic hunter-gatherers built the ancient structure, all by themselves.

Though this remarkable U-turn in academic opinion has been hailed by some as a ‘breakthrough’, others remain convinced that ancient structures like the Sphinx and Gobekli Tepe are the fingerprints of a lost civilization.

Personally I’m attracted by the lost civilization theory. But whichever view we hold, what can be said for certain is that the carbon-dating figure of 11,000 BCE for Gobekli Tepe means we can re-examine the evidence regarding the age of the Sphinx with renewed enthusiasm.

Is Sphinx Same Age as Gobekli Tepe?

10,500 BCE: There’s No Way That Could Be True!

Commenting on Robert Schoch’s work regarding the new dating of the Sphinx, remember, Egyptologist Carol Redmount of the University of California said: “There’s just no way that could be true!”

Her reasons for holding this opinion were that the hunter-gatherer tribes of that period “would not have had the technology, the governing institutions or even the will to build such a structure thousands of years before Khafre’s reign.”

We now know Carol Redmount was wrong.

But Robert Schoch was not the only voice in the wilderness proclaiming an alternative point of view.

According to certain astroarchaeological alignments discovered by Robert Bauval and Graham Hancock, far older dates for the Giza Pyramids and the Sphinx had been suggested.

These dates had of course been ‘rubbished’ by academia, but with the discovery of Gobekli Tepe, a new perspective has been cast on when the Giza complex was built.

For the record, Bauval and Hancock’s combined work proffered dates of around 10,500 BCE for the construction of the Sphinx, and the suggestion was it may even be older than that.

To some large extent this view is also shared by writer and Egyptologist, John Anthony West, whose research during the 1970s and 80s led him to the conclusion that the Sphinx was far older than orthodox archaeology was prepared to accept.

West also concluded, moreover, that it may well have been built by a civilization now lost to antiquity.

Like Schoch, West proposed that erosion by water of the Sphinx’s bedrock proved the monument was older than the generally attributed 2,500 BCE.

Due to evidence of water erosion from heavy rainfall, he noted, the Sphinx must have been built closer to 10,000 years ago—the last time the region experienced sufficient rainfall to have caused such erosion.

And in a recent study entitled ‘GEOLOGICAL ASPECT OF THE PROBLEM OF DATING THE GREAT EGYPTIAN SPHINX CONSTRUCTION’, published in 2008 and submitted to the International Conference on Geoarchaeology and Archaeomineralogy, evidence was presented to the effect that the construction of the Sphinx indeed dates back to the Pleistocene Era—i.e. 10,000+ years ago.

It should be noted that the main argument in favour of the so-called ‘accepted date’ of 2,500 BCE for the construction of the Sphinx depends heavily on comparisons with the monument’s human-like face and that of the Pharaoh Khafre (2520-2494 BCE). Archaeologists insist the Sphinx is some kind of monument to the great Pharaoh because of the perceived facial similarities.

But it should also be noted that forensic tests have since shown that the face of the Sphinx is probably not that of Khafre, and the assumption therefore that the Sphinx was built during Khafre’s reign is far from conclusive.

Indeed, much of the evidence tends now to support the ‘heretics’ view that the Sphinx could have been built circa 10,500 BCE, making it around 12,500 or so years old—contemporary with Gobekli Tepe.

Interestingly, a growing consensus also accepts that a ‘lost’ civilization which populated the coastal areas of the ancient world might have built the Sphinx, as well as the Pyramids and Gobekli Tepe, before being wiped out by a ‘great flood’ caused by the melting ice caps at the end of the last Ice Age, circa 10,000 BCE.

Research in this regard is ongoing. We’ll endeavour to keep you posted…

In the meantime we would truly welcome your views and opinions on the age of the Sphinx and the Great Pyramids of the Giza plateau, as well as your thoughts on who might have built Gobekli Tepe.

Were these ancient wonders built with extraterrestrial assistance? Or by a human civilization now lost to history?

Or were they built by our hunter-gatherer forbears—the ‘cavemen’ who populated the Mid-East regions around 12,000 or 13,000 years ago?

Your shout…

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images: Sphinx Main Photo “Creative Commons”:http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SphinxGizeh.jpg Great Pyramid “Nina-no”:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Kheops-Pyramid.jpg Gobekli Tepe “Creative Commons”:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gobekli.jpeg Gobekli Tepe Temple “Gevork Nazaryan”:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gobtemple.jpg Second Sphinx Photo “Creative Commons”:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Egypt.Giza.Sphinx.01.jpg

1 comment

  1. Mike Franklin

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